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April 2022

Tuesday, 26 April 2022 00:00

How the Three Arches of the Foot Work

The foot contains three arches that work together to help you move. The system of arches is formed around the tarsal and metatarsal bones and is supported by ligaments and tendons. Two longitudinal arches run from the bottom of the toes on either side of the foot (medial and lateral) and meet at the heel. They are connected by the transverse arch, which runs across the metatarsals (long bones in the foot) just below the toes to form a triangle. This complex system works to put the spring in your step, by bearing the weight and absorbing the shock whenever you stand, walk, run, or jump. The two most common arch conditions are high arches (pes cavus) and flat feet (pes planus). A high arch is caused by an unusually high medial longitudinal arch, which runs along the inner side of the foot. Because it is too high, it is less able to absorb the shock of movement, which then puts stress on the ball and heel of the foot. This can result in pain that radiates to the ankle, leg, and thigh. Wearing custom orthotics and losing weight, can help reduce painful symptoms. Fallen arches, or flat feet, are caused by a lack of longitudinal arches. They may not have developed properly in the first place. Wearing shoes with arch supports usually handles the problem. For more treatment information about painful arch problems, it is suggested that you visit a podiatrist to discuss options.

If you have any concerns about your feet, contact the podiatrists from New England Family Foot Care. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Biomechanics in Podiatry

Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.

A History of Biomechanics

  • Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
  • In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.

Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.

Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Milton, MA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about The Importance of Biomechanics in Podiatry

Gout is an arthritic condition that can cause severe pain, redness, heat and swelling in the big toe joint (typically), as well as other joints. This condition is caused by an excessive amount of uric acid in the bloodstream. Uric acid is a byproduct that is produced when the body processes purines, which are chemical compounds found naturally in the body as well as in certain foods. It is believed that consuming large amounts of alcohol, red and organ meat, certain seafood, and high fructose drinks can increase a person’s risk for developing gout. Other risk factors include heredity, being male and/or obese, and having health conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, kidney problems, congestive heart failure, and more. Gout flares are sudden onsets of symptoms which can last for days or even weeks, only to disappear for long periods of time as the disease goes into remission for a time. While there is no cure for gout, a podiatrist can help create a treatment and management plan to manage pain and avoid the condition from worsening.


 

Gout is a painful condition that can be treated. If you are seeking treatment, contact the podiatrists from New England Family Foot Care. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a form of arthritis that is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, redness, and tenderness in the joints. The condition usually affects the joint at the base of the big toe. A gout attack can occur at any random time, such as the middle of the night while you are asleep.

Symptoms

  • Intense Joint Pain - Usually around the large joint of your big toe, and it most severe within the first four to twelve hours
  • Lingering Discomfort - Joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks
  • Inflammation and Redness -Affected joints may become swollen, tender, warm and red
  • Limited Range of Motion - May experience a decrease in joint mobility

Risk Factors

  • Genetics - If family members have gout, you’re more likely to have it
  • Medications - Diuretic medications can raise uric acid levels
  • Gender/Age - Gout is more common in men until the age of 60. It is believed that estrogen protects women until that point
  • Diet - Eating red meat and shellfish increases your risk
  • Alcohol - Having more than two alcoholic drinks per day increases your risk
  • Obesity - Obese people are at a higher risk for gout

Prior to visiting your podiatrist to receive treatment for gout, there are a few things you should do beforehand. If you have gout you should write down your symptoms--including when they started and how often you experience them, important medical information you may have, and any questions you may have. Writing down these three things will help your podiatrist in assessing your specific situation so that he or she may provide the best route of treatment for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Milton, MA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Everything You Need to Know About Gout
Tuesday, 12 April 2022 00:00

Do Your Child's Feet Hurt?

Have your child's feet been examined lately? Healthy feet are happy feet. If your child is complaining of foot pain, it may be a sign of underlying problems.

Tuesday, 12 April 2022 00:00

Common Causes of Foot Pain

Because we depend on our feet to get us around all day long, it’s really a problem when they begin to hurt. Sometimes it is a temporary pain, mainly from fatigue or shoes that do not give enough support. But if pain lingers or grows more intense, it is time to look for a cause. The top three causes of foot pain are bunions, ingrown toenails and plantar fasciitis. Other causes include arthritis, stress fractures and athlete’s foot. Bunions are caused primarily by improper footwear, especially high heels with pointy toes or shoes that are too small. This can cause a malformation of the big toe and lead to extreme discomfort. Ingrown toenails are also caused by footwear that is too tight, along with  toenails that are improperly cut. The nail grows into the skin and can become inflamed, infected and painful. Plantar fasciitis occurs when the muscles under the foot become tight, usually from repetitive use, putting pressure on the heels. Exercises can help to relieve this painful condition. For any foot problems that become exceedingly painful, it is a good idea to make an appointment with a podiatrist for a diagnosis and treatment plan.

 

Foot Pain

Foot pain can be extremely painful and debilitating. If you have a foot pain, consult with the podiatrists from New England Family Foot Care. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Causes

Foot pain is a very broad condition that could be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Bunions
  • Hammertoes
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Bone Spurs
  • Corns
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Ingrown Toenails
  • Arthritis (such as Gout, Rheumatoid, and Osteoarthritis)
  • Flat Feet
  • Injury (from stress fractures, broken toe, foot, ankle, Achilles tendon ruptures, and sprains)
  • And more

Diagnosis

To figure out the cause of foot pain, podiatrists utilize several different methods. This can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Whether it is resting, staying off the foot, or having surgery; podiatrists have a number of treatment options available for foot pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Milton, MA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Foot Pain
Tuesday, 05 April 2022 00:00

When Your Feet Sweat Excessively

Hyperhidrosis,” or excessive sweating, can impact the feet. Feet can sweat for a variety of reasons, such as heat, vigorous exercise, pregnancy, shoes that do not fit properly, stress, overuse of feet, side effects of certain medications, or an underlying medical condition like diabetes or thyroid disease. When foot sweat is not cleaned up it can get trapped between toes, which can allow bacteria to grow and enter a cut or ingrown toenail, become infected, and lead to smelly feet (also known as “Bromodosis”). It makes good sense to wash and dry the feet regularly, as well as to wear proper footwear. Additional at home remedies can include foot powders and antiperspirants or medicated insoles. People more apt to develop these types of foot infections are seniors, diabetics, those undergoing hormonal changes (like in pregnancy), and those with compromised immune systems. Such infections must be tended to immediately. If your feet continue to sweat and smell and regular foot hygiene measures do not solve the problem, or if you notice an infection festering, a visit to a podiatrist is suggested for proper diagnosis, a better understanding of the root cause of the problem, and more aggressive treatment.

If you are suffering from hyperhidrosis contact the podiatrists of New England Family Foot Care. Our doctors can provide the care you need to attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

Hyperhidrosis of the Feet

Hyperhidrosis is a rare disorder that can cause people to have excessive sweating of their feet. This can usually occur all on its own without rigorous activity involved. People who suffer from hyperhidrosis may also experience sweaty palms.

Although it is said that sweating is a healthy process meant to cool down the body temperature and to maintain a proper internal temperature, hyperhidrosis may prove to be a huge hindrance on a person’s everyday life.

Plantar hyperhidrosis is considered to be the main form of hyperhidrosis. Secondary hyperhidrosis can refer to sweating that occurs in areas other than the feet or hands and armpits. Often this may be a sign of it being related to another medical condition such as menopause, hyperthyroidism and even Parkinson’s disease.

In order to alleviate this condition, it is important to see your doctor so that they may prescribe the necessary medications so that you can begin to live a normal life again. If this is left untreated, it is said that it will persist throughout an individual’s life.

A last resort approach would be surgery, but it is best to speak with your doctor to find out what may be the best treatment for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Milton, MA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Hyperhidrosis of the Feet
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